Hotham SOTA Summit 2019
The fourth Hotham SOTA Summit again organised by Brian VK3BCM and hosted at Huette Lodge, Mt Hotham. This is a great site with summits aplenty. The weekend starts on Friday with the drive up. We are talking nearly 6hrs from home so need to break it up with a couple of activations. Decided to stay away from Mt Buffalo this year so picked two sites just off the main roads.
01/Feb/2019 VK3/VU-002 (Mt Wombat) in VKFF-2403
Just off the Hume highway through Euroa. Its a clean drive up as has a CFA lookout and several comms towers on site. Drove up and parked the car in the clear so the bloke in the tower can see no issues. Went past the aviation site and ran up the end-fed down the edge. This end-fed is a none resonate 27.2m long light weight with a 9:1 unbalanced to unbalanced (unun) based on Andrews work. The shorter antenna is intended to be long enough to tune 80M whilst also compact enough to fit tight sites. I have a 40m long one with 64:1 matching unit based on Davids work, that works a treat but needs a lot of room. The shorter unit was ideal on this site. Whilst there is open area you have to setup heading down a slop so the compact was run up with the 7m squid pole and with the wire running away from the comms sites heading down the edge. This was not to avoid noise but to stay in the clear and so not to be perceived as a threat to the sites. Quick activation with S2S (VK2IO on VK3/VG-004 and VK3BCM on VK3/VE-005) a chat with the CFA bloke in the tower to find out what the fires were up to. Back down and onto the highway to continue.
Had the car on 40m and picked up CW contacts with VK3HN and VK3PF on the way up.
I had been on this site before so know its a rabbit warren. Plantation roads are dynamic at the best of times. I called Warren VK3BYD as he had been recently and had a track to follow. I could hear activations from the car and able to contact VK1MIC & VK3PF from the HT. There were CW spots coming through so ran the endfed up and picked up VK1DA and VK2IO S2S CW, the best SOTA contact. Once worked the other activators out had a contact with VK3EQ and headed back down as wanted to keep moving to be at Hotham in light.
Arrived at the lodge to meet up with regulars (Peter VK3PF,Alan VK3FABT, Brian VK3BCM, Ron and Ruth VK3AFW, Compton VK2HRX, David VK3IL, Glenn VK3YY, Leigh VK3SG, Phil and Kathy VK3BHR and Ken VK3KIM) and new attendees being Andrew VK1DA, Gerard VK2IO, Wade VK1MIC, Adele ZS5APT and Sid ZS5AYC. It was great to catch with old and new friends. Rik VK3EQ was also in the area. Some off these people I have had regular contacts with going back 6 years and finally meet in the flesh. The conversation quickly turns two planning as many had activated on the way up and Saturday is always a early start to maximise opportunities whilst in the area. Summit to Summits are the goal so timings have to be clear. There were maps a plenty and some smooth lemon based drink.
Early to bed as early start.
Saturday went out with David VK3IL, Glenn VK3YY and Phil VK3BHR in Davids 4WD. We headed off to Omeo down Alpine Road towards Mt Nugong.
01/Feb/2019 VK3/VG-018 (Mt Nugong)
Mt Nugong is a drive-up summit basically following Nunniong Road off Bindi Rd. As there is a communications tower on site the road is good quality.
This was an activation of real hams as Phil setup his hand crafted 40M SSB radio for HF and Glenn deploying his home made 2m antenna for 2m contacts.
Glenn VK3YY with Phil VK3BHR using 2m yagi.
I secured S2S with other activators in the area including VK3EQ on HF and with VK3KIM , VK3PF and VK2HRX on 2M.
Could see the Timbarra fire in the distance. Didn’t affect Mt Nugong nor Bindi or any of our planned activities but we were watching. (35km SSW of Corryong North of Timbarra and Buchan and west of the Gelantipy Road between Gelantipy and Murrindal Fire Not yet under control Sat 9th Feb)
Keeping on time is essential to maintain alignment with the other parties so we packed up and headed to Mt Bindi. This involved heading back and along Nunniong Road, then north to Sawpit Road. Then following Granite Flat Link Track to Escarpment Track, then north to reach to Mount Bindi Track.
02/Feb/2019VK3/VG-017 (Mt Bindi)
I ran up the KX and 27.2m end fed down the road on Mt Bindi to secure CW contacts including a S2S with VK3PF and with regulars including VK3BYD, VK7CW and VK5CZ. Another S2S with VK3EQ was secured on 2m. Once qualified again we kept moving to try and keep aligned with the other groups.
Phil VK3BHR on Mt Bindi
We headed back to Nunniong Plains Track via Sawpit Road and Lake Hill. Lake Hill trk was the roughest we experienced and would be a challenge in the wet but not a issue in current conditions. Once on Nunniong Road took the advice from last night and headed up the longer way but quicker route to eventually head down Jam Tin Flat. Worked out we missed the turn to the summit once ran out of hills so turned back and down Blue Shirt to an open wide AZ.
02/Feb/2019VK3/VG-011 (Mt Nunniong)
David VK3IL, Phil VK3BHR and Myself qualifying VK3/VG—011 on 2M. Photo Glenn VK3YY
02/Feb/2019VK3/VG-012 (Brumby Hill)
Retrace back to Jam Tin Flat Track, then north along Nunniong Road to Limestone Road which passed through the AZ of Brumby Hill VK3/VG-012. Brumby HIll is a clear site. The road is in the AZ but setup behind the gate to be safe. Phil ran up HF and it was quite. 2M as also quite with Glenn deploying the beam again. Then the other sites came up and it was on for all. Four S2S on unique sites and HF payed off as chased by regulars VK5PAS,ZL1BYZ,VK5IS & VK4TJ. Day coming to an end and we still had work to do.
02/Feb/2019VK3/VG-022 (Mt Pendergast)
We had had a big day with but Mt Pendergast was too good to drive past. The intent was for a quick activation as we had two hours drove to get back to Hotham for the evenings activities. Its is a clear but steep drive up to the comms site. By this part of the day the boys had had enough of me and kicked me out on the road out of the AZ and so were able to gaining contacts as soon as they got to the summit. I also need the walk to stretch my back and get the step count up. Glenn got his beam out and by the time I got there they were chasing the boys on VK3/VG-014. Qualified and started the trip back.
02/Feb/2019VK3/VE-006 (Mt Hotham)
VK1DA’s 4 element 23cm beam. Photo David VK3IL
M\BY the time we got there then summit was rocking. Ron had HF up, Wade was playing with FT8, Andrew had setup a 23cm station (1294.00 actually) so I jumped at the opportunity to secure microwave S2S with Andrew VK3JBL on VK3/VN-001Mt Torbreck and Crompton VK2HRX on VK3/VE-030.
Rik came in from the wild and after snacks and a bear that turned up from nowhere , we headed back down to The General for dinner.
Again once back at the lodge we discussed the next day and out came the radios for show and tell. Plans were made, timings confirmed and off to bed for another big day.
02/Feb/2019VK3/VE-005 (Mt Loch)
Its was a busy site. I was the second for the day. Rick and Paul were up and gone early. I was the afternoon shift as thinking of being there for UTC rollover. Rick and Paul got out there and qualified in 1:18 (TBV) I was slighlty slower but not by much and didn’t have a snake to deal with. Its a great walk to a clear site with a perfect antenna mount.Great activation qualified before getting the pack off. Total of 24 contacts, 8 distinct S2S sites, 40/80M CW contacts and killer views.
The weather was amazing. Typical Alpine conditions, needed the jacket on the walk out, jumper on site and sunscreen on the way back.
Thanks again to thanks to Brian and Kathy for hosting another memorable weekend in the Victorian Alps. I will be back next year for what has to be the premier SOTA activation fest in VK.
27012019 – (VKFF-0775) Werribee Gorge State Park
Another local park.
Decided to go out to verify a antenna and the cars APRS config. Updated the frequencies for the radio in Subie in preparation for upcoming Hotham weekend. Wanted to be sure APRS was still correct.
Between Ballan and Bacchus Marsh.
I came down Ingliston Road with is Ironbark Road out of Bacchus. Sealed until the park access. Car park open with enough room for several cars so would support full size antenna. The site has full strength 4G service due to the upgrade of service alone the train line.
Setup in the carpark and squeezed out 10 contacts. 5 SSB then 5 CW so the mix is improving.
Ultimately will be trying to qualify VKFF on CW (10 contacts) but at the present happy to gain any contacts. Secured Park to Park contacts with VK2IO in VKFF-2650 and VK4HNS in VKFF-0719.
Intended to test an end-fed but had left an adaptor behind and no desire to rip cable apart so just used vertical and called it a day.
12012019 – (VKFF-2233) Winter Swamp Nature Conservation Reserve
Working through local parks . This one is in Ballarat itself.
The KMZ file (VKFF-2233) shows the site clearly. Access from the north is more challanging than expected. The Skipton Rail trail is of no value.
There is a gate and walking track from Blink Creek Road which is off the new bypass. The gate is locked but does allow for people access. It was hot so I was looking to operate as close to the car as possible if not from the car so decided to try from Lucas Lane.
Lucas Lane is off Remembrance Drive. Down the service road and in behind the caravan park. This brings you to a car park within the boundary of the park. The sign has been vandalised but position clear.
Operated from the car hiding from the heat. Using FT891 into vertical. Rewarded with 4 CW contacts with the highlight being VK3WRL on CW from VK3/VG-011 in VKFF-0619. Two Park to Park contacts with VK4HNS at VKFF-0065 and VK6MB in VKFF-0164.
Nice clean activation on a hot day.
Recently received an activator certificate for the 2018 Activation Weekend for the Keith Roget Memorial National Parks Award (KRMNPA).
Activated several sites from VKFF-0619 Alpine National Park -112018 – VK3/VE-047,VK3/VE-045,K3/VE-050 & VK3/VE-191
Tony VK3XV does a great job promoting this event and following up with these certificates is a great touch. Thanks again to Tony VK3XV and Amateur Radio Victoria.
WWFF Christmas Island National Park (Commonwealth) (VKFF-0098)
Christmas Island is an Australian territory in the Indian Ocean, lying south of Java, Indonesia. My wife has wanted to see the crabs for a while now we booked 7 days from 30th November 2018 (30/11 to 7/12) timed to see the red crab migration.
The crab migration starts when the wet season rains have established. The crabs’ breeding timetable is fixed around the phases of the moon. Spawning (the dropping of their eggs into the sea) must occur before sunrise on spring tides during the last quarter of the moon. We booked for the start of December hoping to see either a late migration or a times spawning.
Passports and visas are not required when travelling to Christmas Island from the Australian mainland for Australians. You can use photographic identification such as a drivers licence. You are processed through international customs at Perth and Cocos Keeling Islands. We did see a couple using WA drivers licence and it required the assistance of additional customs officers to process. Never keen on attracting attention from such officials so we took and used our passports.
Looking forward to the trip as the island is a prime site to play radio;
- SOTA – VK9/CH-001 – Murray Hill
- WWFF – VKFF-0098
- IOTA – OC-002 Christmas in Christmas Island
- DXCC – OC / VK9X
- Grid Square OH29
Whilst a contact from the hotel balcony would qualify for IOTA and DXCC I was keen on the SOTA and WWFF sites. The island is 135 square kilometres in size with the Christmas Island National Park accounting for 85 square kilometres. So whilst the National Park makes up almost two thirds of the territory, it is thick monsoonal rainforest so provides challenges finding suitable operating positions. Any cleared area is likely mining lease so has to be avoided. Several beaches on offer to the east would provide suitable places for activations with a clear view to mainland Australia.
Secured the callsign VK9ARH for use whilst there.
There is a top map available (https://data.gov.au/dataset/christmas-island-1-30-000-scale-topographic-map) which you can buy from the Christmas Tourist information centre for $15. I downloaded, printed then imported into basecamp and studied in advance.
This is a good as map as any to gain an understanding of the layout of the island. Both Google maps and Garmin Birds eye are less than useful as they are aerial views and show clouds in the areas of interest. Murray Hill is to the left in thick vegetation, National parks covers the bulk of the island except for township. Two roads with an interconnect give access to all corners.
Additional information for amateurs visiting Christmas Island can be obtained from the Christmas Island Amateur Radio Club (VK9XX). Doug, VK9XD was happy to assist during planning and crucial with verifying access to Mt Murray.
I don’t understand why is is an Australian territory as was there a definite lack of venomous creatures there but is an naturalists paradise with the abundant unique crab, bird and marine life.
There are a few things to watch out for;
This was a tourist visit not a high end DX-Expedition, as a result my equipment had to fit within normal passenger luggage requirements. A Pelican 1485 AIR was used to protect;
- Elecraft KX3
- Mac Air
- iPad running VK5AYL iOS ParksnPeaks app
- 1/4 wave 20/30/40 QRPGuys Vertical (with additional radials)
- 10/80m end fed
- 20m end fed
- 5m mini pole
- Chargers, power supply, coax, spares and log.
which came in at 9.5Kg. The SOTABEAMS Compact heavy-duty 7 m mast was included in the larger bag which doubled role of also taking clothes and other stuff apparently needed for a holiday.
So after 24hrs including a stop in the middle of nowhere for additional fuel we arrived on Christmas Island via Perth and Cocos Keeling Islands.
We had a unit in Mango Tree Lodge in Settlement off Gaze Road. The National Parks boundaries were on the other side of the road (20m away) and whilst clear undergrowth, was a vertical cliff wall and thick with trees. Contacts from unit would not qualify as VKFF. Operating from the area between road and cliff also not desirable.
Christmas Island has 2G Telstra mobile phone coverage but no 3G. This sucked and reminded me how fortunate we are with the coverage we experienced in VK from parks and from peaks. There was wireless from the unit via a private provider and at $20@G used as needed.
UTC 2018-12-02 0145 & 2018-12-06 0420 – FT8 IOTA – OC-002 Christmas in Christmas Island & DXCC – OC / VK9X
After a last minute discord conversation it was decided to downloaded FT8 software onto my computer. The idea was to operate from the unit providing contacts for VK9 and giving me an propagation indication. Contacts were secured as far away as Russia with ASIA being the dominate area. Not surprising as using a 20m end fed from second floor balcony. This proved to be interesting but did not spend a lot of time chasing as there were better activities to be had.
UTC 2018-12-09 0400 – WWFF VKFF-0098 Christmas Island National Park (Commonwealth) (VKFF-0098)
Located a spot further around Gaze road where a shoulder clearing would qualify for WWFF.This was a parking spot for access to the cliff.
Setup the vertical and started calling CW WWFF. The ground was as hard as concrete but given basalt rock, not suprising.
It was slow going but secured VK and then as the sun dropped the EU CW started coming in. Too fast and marginal for contacts. Had a 6:30 booking for tea (limited sites and spots) so packed up happy to secure 6 CW and 5 SSB contacts with VK, HS and VU over the hour. This proved that 15w into the vertical was going to do the job.
UTC 2018-12-05 0930 – SOTA VK9/CH-001 Murray Hill
Ok here we go, the real McCoy. Checked out access to the start point as were in the area to access Martin Point, Hugh’s Date waterfall and the Dales the day before. First view of the foliage to be navigated
I had a track provided by Doug who approached Christmas Island Phosphates (CIRP) to clarify access. Murray Hill had been mined for an extended period. The track was 850m to the summit from behind the mining site through the thick vegetation. We parked the car 200m higher as the Winifred track was closed due to crab movements. A small goshawk came out and perched in the tree watching us why we got ready to go not at all concerned by us.
It took 2hrs to make it to a ‘clearing’ in the activation zone. That not because we decided to have a coffee on the way but the foliage. Whilst it may look clear to the left, the area contained ferns and regrowth taller than I. It was cleaner to navigate the ferns.2018-12-06 10:57:22 I went through the foliage first bashing a path for Michele who was behind me dodging the ferns. We were dressed head to foot and had even sourced gardening gloves to protect hands. It is tough going.
Once in the zone I selected a ‘clear’ site and setup the vertical.
Could not spot. So called on 20 and 30m
A robber crab came out and checked us out. He had an impressive set of antenna but no valid callsign no no contact made.
Could hear FT8 and several ‘intruders’. Could not hear any conversations with callsigns to crash so kept calling. After calling on 14.062 and 10.110 with no response decided to drop the vertical and run up the 20m end fed. I was not groin g to get the 10/80 up. Not enough room. Hoping for some NVIS as desperate for a contact. Unbeknown to us at the time I was picked up in Singapore (9V). It was 16:30 local and we had to pull out as only 2hrs before sunset and it would get darker quick out here and we were already pushing our luck
2018-12-06 10:57:222018-12-06 10:57:22UTC 2018-12-05 9:29:02 SOTA VK9/CH-001 (VKFF-0098) – VK9ARH/P on 14.062 cw (VK9/CH-001) *[RBNHole] at 9V1RM
So with no contacts and no time left pulled the antenna down and headed back.
Could not maintain a GPS fix on the way back. Believe due to the combination of thick foliage and now menacing clouds. It was back to old school compass and follow bearing. Given I had spent too much time studying the maps knew where the roads were knew what direction to head but the foliage was madness and knew we were heading off course.
It was a tough trip back. I’m use to such a task but Michele not. She kept up not complaining as we pushed on and with the aid of torches finally a GPS fix we hit the road only 50m from our starting point. Headed back to the car and back to town.
It was a two beer night with fish and chips for tea.
This site whilst only 850m from tracks will be a challenge to activate.
Apparently in 1857 the crew of the Amethyst attempted to reach the summit but failed. We reached the summit but failed to contact anyone. Doing better than them.
UTC 2018-12-06 1050 – WWFF VKFF-0098 Christmas Island National Park (Commonwealth) (VKFF-0098)
I had noted a couple of potential sites off Murray Road that were clear and not a mining site. Off we went to have our plans crushed by road closures. The crabs were moving and as a result more closures. This was not unexpected as spent the day before down at the Dales and there were crabs on the move everywhere. Decided to activate from the beach off to the east. Clouds were developing and it had been forecasted to rain all week. There was a section on the road to Dollys Beach that I did not want to be negotiating in the wet so checked the map and headed back up and then out to Lilly Beach.
First time operating near the ocean for me. Setup the vertical and was rewarded with great reports. Clear view to VK. 15m and 20m worked. 22 contacts in the hour including DX. Stayed until sunset as intended to be out before dawn to watch crab spawning.
Great trip. It didn’t rain until we were on the plane leaving so no mass migration or spawning. Saw enough crabs moving, several spawning and birds to keep us happy.
24hrs later we were home. Whilst we were gone there were fires again near Scotsburn. No impact to us but back to the real world.
09/Nov/2018 VK3/VE-047 (Rocky Ridge) – WWFF Alpine National Park (VKFF-0619)
10/Nov/2018 VK3/VE-045 (Eagle Peaks) – WWFF Alpine National Park (VKFF-0619)
10/Nov/2018 VK3/VE-050 (Mt Sunday) – WWFF Alpine National Park (VKFF-0619)
11/Nov/2018 VK3/VE-191 (VK3/VE-191)
I’ve had my eye on VK3/VE-046 Governor for a while. Having activated most in the area is it untidy at least not to attempt an activation. The Governor has only been activated by Wayne VK3WAM in September 2012.This is a cat 5 hike. As a result I was not prepared to go out alone so put out a call for interested parties. There were several responses and once the dates were finalised both Tony VK3CAT and David VK3IL in a position to join. The planning process commenced. A weekend after Melb cup was selected to ensure the roads were open and there would also be traffic through the area assuring any access issues would be addressed. This aligned with the annual KRMNPA weekend. Whilst the Alpine would not be the most sought after site, we were glad to align the activations to the weekend as there would be a large pool of chasers available.
The original plan was to do a through hike from 8 mile gap on Brooks Rd to EaglesPeaks, then pickup The Governor and out through VK3/VE-075 to finish at Wren’s Flat. After reading Waynes Blog, calculating distances and the amount of water required and reviewing hiking sites, it was decided to go with plan B from the start. Plan B was to break the trip at The Governor and tackle VK3/VE-075 as a seperate activation. Plan B also did not depend of leaving a car at Wren’s Flat.
So it was decided to meet at 8 Mile Flat camp ground evening of Friday the 9th.
09/Nov/2018 VK3/VE-047 (Rocky Ridge) – WWFF Alpine National Park (VKFF-0619)
Drove up Friday. Meet up with Tony at Mansfield. decided to leave my car at Mansfield and proceed down Howqua Trak to Brocks Rd. We were on schedule so keep going and proceeded down Bluff Link to pick up VK3/VE-047 Rocky Ridge.
Rocky Ridge is a straight forward operation and bit over 1.5K each way. There is a track to follow but essentially head up to the ridge line then turn right until you find a site suitable for deploying your antenna. Qualified on CW and headed back to 8 Mile Flat camp ground
David VK3IL joined us at 8 Mile Flat camp ground. This is a great spot as within the Alpine NP and excellent faculties. There is a small creek to cross which is AWD and you can camp on the either side of the creek should the water be up.
10/Nov/2018 VK3/VE-045 (Eagle Peaks) – WWFF Alpine National Park (VKFF-0619)
We were on the road early Sat morning for a fairly quick drive up to 8 Mile Gap where we left the cars. David had tighter time lines that Tony and myself so needed two for seperate exits. There is enough room for a couple of cars here but you would not want too many. After getting the packs out we locked up and headed up Eagle Peaks track.
It’s a clear run but along a ridge line. The start is up but gets more intense as you get closer to Eagles Peeks.
We arrived at Eagle Peaks in good time and setup along the ridge line. No point in worrying which way the dipole is aligned as limited choices. Started calling. KRMNPA weekend ensured chasers. Once qualified and after reviewing the terrain from this vantage point, we packing up we headed on through Eagles Peaks and towards the saddle leading to The Governor. It was slow but comfortable going.There were sections of bush then steep ledges requiring careful progress.
Eventually we hit small but challanging cliffs. Decided to take our packs off to avoid having to deal the weight whilst investigating the obstacle when my pack slid down and over the cliff. I kept an eye on the pack as it had rested against some small trees while David went to the right and Tony headed left to find access. Once the pack had been recovered we took time to evaluate the situation. Basically not in any danger but given the time and carrying ~20K of equipment each including 7l of water, we decided to abort this approach. If we had had ropes you would setup a clear return path but we decided to fall back to Plan C.
7.2Km in 7:45 including activations and lunch. As a part of planning we had fall back positions so decided to head to Wrens Flat via Mt Sunday.
10/Nov/2018 VK3/VE-050 (Mt Sunday)
Drive up in a 4WD. There were a couple of motor bikes go through whilst we were there. They were not off-road bike and after talking to them found out that they were following Google maps for a quicker way to Jamesion and had been left astray. My now they had left a bike behind
Mt Sunday on DMR simplex using just a rubber ducky antenna at each end. Having alm
VK3/VE-075 (an unactivated unnamed peak)
After staying the night at Wrens XXX we headed off to the ridge link to activate VK3/VE-075. The road had been torn up so it was decided to leave the car in a safe spot and walk a couple pf K’s to the ridge. Once there we turned right, dropped a bearing and headed into the scrub. This is thick.
The going was slow only progressing 1km in an hour following the ridge line. As there was another 5.7Km to go to reach to summit, quick sums clearly demonstrated we would not back it there and back there and back today. Again the decision to abort was taken and we headed back out then along the road to evacuate plan D. Plan D was to pickup a summit on the way back to Mansfield via Jamison.
11/Nov/2018 VK3/VE-191 (VK3/VE-191)
Another site only previously activated by Wayne VK3WAM. We followed Sappers Link and Jamieson Lookout Track. It was a leisurely drive in Tony’s 4WD through some beautiful area. A quicker route would be from Jamison along Sappers Track but we had the time to explore.
Again qualified on CW then headed back to mansfield to start the journey home.
VK3/VE-075 is another summit that will be tackled with more respect. The going was hard through the bush. It should be addressed as a full day.
I was disappointed not to make it to Governor. Not surprised as the distances and terrain are real. The decision to turn back was unanimous. Basically a combination of terrain and water required as well as level heads. We did not want to to require external assistance to be recovered from a undesirable situation. This attempt has given more information and experience in the area so will have another attempt at the Governor in 2019. This time using the Eagle Peaks Circuit.
Starting and finishing from Howqua Hills, it will be longer but clearer and will allow for water drops before hand.
Stay tuned, this site will not evade me forever…..
VK3/VS-004 (Mt Langi Ghiran)
WWFF Langi Ghiran State Park (VKFF-0760).
Quick activation to pick a S2S from VK3BYD Warren who was out in the Grampians. Given the distances 80m was the band. Mt Langi Ghiran is essentially a rocky ridge with summit at the top. It has enough room for an 80m antenna but you have to be careful weaving through the trees and watching the rocks as you climb around. Usied the 7m Tactical 7000hds compact pole for height reducing the distance across. This pole fits inside in pack leaving my hands free and allows for scrub negotiation essential for the hike in.
Once antenna up I turned on the KX and Peter VK3ZPF was on channel. Worked him then went to CW for S2S with Warren and eventually 40m to keep the regular CW chasers happy.